Related provisions for PERG 4.6.24

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PERG 4.6.1GRP
Article 53A of the Regulated Activities Order (Advising on regulated mortgage contracts) makes advising on regulated mortgage contracts a regulated activity. This covers advice which is both:(1) given to a person in his capacity as borrower or potential borrower; and(2) advice on the merits of the borrower:(a) entering into a particular regulated mortgage contract (whether or not the entering into is done by way of business); or(b) varying the terms of a regulated mortgage contract
PERG 4.6.5GRP
Advice will come within the regulated activity in article 53A of the Regulated Activities Order only if it relates to a particular regulated mortgage contract (or several different regulated mortgage contracts). The question is whether a recommendation is made to a customer which either explicitly or implicitly steers the customer to a particular regulated mortgage contract because of its features.
PERG 4.6.9GRP
In the FCA's view, guiding a person through scripted questions or a decision tree should not, of itself, involve advice within the meaning of article 53A (it should be generic advice). But the combination of advice, which in isolation may properly be considered generic, with the identification of a particular or several particular regulated mortgage contracts may well, in the FCA's view, cause the person to be advising on regulated mortgage contracts; the FCA considers that it
PERG 4.6.10GRP
For the purposes of article 53A, advice must be given to or directed at someone who is acting as borrower or potential borrower. As indicated in PERG 4.4.2 G (Which borrowers?), this means the individual or trustee to whom the credit has been provided by the lender or who is looking to obtain the credit on the security of his property. Advice given to a body corporate will not generally be caught because the advice will not concern a regulated mortgage contract, as defined. But
PERG 4.6.19GRP
Neither does advice on the merits of using a particular mortgage broker or adviser in his capacity as such amount to advice for the purposes of article 53A. It is not advice on the merits of entering into or varying the terms of a regulated mortgage contract.
PERG 4.6.22GRP
Undertaking the process of scripted questioning gives rise to particular issues concerning advice. These mainly involve two aspects of this regulated activity. These are that advice must relate to a particular regulated mortgage contract (see PERG 4.6.5 G) and the distinction between information and advice (see PERG 4.6.13 G). Whether or not scripted questioning in any particular case is advising on regulated mortgage contracts will depend on all the circumstances. If the process
PERG 4.6.23GRP
The potential for variation in the form, content and manner of scripted questioning is considerable, but there are two broad types. The first type involves providing questions and answers which are confined to factual matters (for example, whether a borrower wishes to pay a fixed or variable rate of interest or the size of deposit available). In the FCA's view, this does not of itself amount to advising on regulated mortgage contracts, as it involves the provision of information
PERG 4.6.25GRP
In the scenarios identified inPERG 4.6.23G (3)1 andPERG 4.6.24G (2)1, the FCA considers that it is necessary to look at the process and outcome of scripted questioning as a whole. It may be that the element of advice incorporated in the questioning may properly be viewed as generic advice if it were considered in isolation. But, although the actual advice may be generic, the process has ended in identifying one or more particular regulated mortgage contracts. The combination of
PERG 4.6.30GRP
The main exclusion from advising on regulated mortgage contracts relates to advice given in periodical publications, regularly updated news and information services and broadcasts (article 54 of the Regulated Activities Order (Advice given in newspapers etc)). The exclusion applies if the principal purpose of any of these is neither to give advice of the kind to which article 53 (Advising on investments) or article 53A applies nor to lead or enable persons to:(1) acquire or dispose
PERG 4.4.2AGRP
(1) 5A loan to a trustee is caught, even if the trustee or the beneficiary is not an individual.(2) Therefore, it is possible that a loan to a trustee acting for a large commercial company is a regulated mortgage contract.(3) In practice, the exclusions for loans to commercial borrowers (in particular, see PERG 4.4.17 G and PERG 4.4.21 G) are likely to prevent such loans from being regulated mortgage contracts.(4) If:(a) the loan is made to a trustee;(b) the trustee is a bare
PERG 4.10A.22GRP
Where advising on regulated mortgage contracts falls within the MCD, the Regulated Activities Order exclusions in PERG 4.10A.2G (3) do not apply to this activity. Advisers should note that: (1) if the adviser does not act for remuneration, the MCD does not apply; (2) the MCD does not cover the regulated mortgage contracts listed in PERG 4.10A.5 G; (3) the MCD only applies to advisory services provided to consumers;(4) the MCD only applies to personal recommendations.
MCOB 4.7A.1GRP
(1) 1MCOB 4.7A sets out standards to be observed by firms when advising a particular customer on regulated mortgage contracts.(2) The rules at MCOB 4.8A require firms which are selling regulated mortgage contracts to, or entering into variations of existing regulated mortgage contracts with, certain types of vulnerable customer, to provide advice to them.(3) The rules at MCOB 4.8A also provide that advice must be given wherever the sales process involves spoken or other interactive
PERG 4.11.15GRP
In the FCA's view, advising on regulated mortgage contracts is carried on where the borrower receives the advice. Accordingly:(1) if the borrower is located in the United Kingdom, a person advising that borrower on regulated mortgage contracts is carrying on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom; but(2) if the service provider and borrower are both located overseas, the regulated activity is not carried on in the United Kingdom.
MCOB 5.4.23RRP
Where the illustration provided to the customer does not contain an accurate quotation or a reasonable estimate of the payments the customer will need to make in connection with any tied product that the customer must take out with the regulated mortgage contract, and the customer applies for that regulated mortgage contract:(1) the firm must provide the customer with an accurate quotation as soon as possible after he has applied, and in good time before the offer document is
PERG 4.10.6GRP
For each of the regulated activities of arranging (bringing about), making arrangements with a view to and advising on regulated mortgage contracts, the exclusions apply if the trustee or personal representative is acting in that capacity and:(1) the arrangements he makes concern the entering into or variation of regulated mortgage contracts and the contracts are to be entered into or varied either by himself and a fellow trustee or personal representative or by the beneficiary
PERG 4.14.2GRP
In the FCA's view, the following exclusions are likely, in many cases, to exclude the normal activities of professional firms from amounting to regulated mortgage activities:(1) article 67 of the Regulated Activities Order (Activities carried on in the course of a profession or non-investment business), which applies in relation to the advising and arranging activities (see PERG 4.10.1 G);(2) article 66 of the Regulated Activities Order (Trustees, nominees and personal representatives)
PERG 4.12.3GRP
An appointed representative can carry on only those regulated activities which are specified in the Appointed Representatives Regulations. As respects regulated mortgage contracts, these are arranging (bringing about), making arrangements with a view to and advising on regulated mortgage contracts (as well as agreeing to do so).
PERG 4.3.8GRP
It follows that whether or not any particular person may be carrying on a regulated mortgage activity 'by way of business' will depend on his individual circumstances. However, some typical examples where the applicable business test would be likely to be satisfied are where a person:(1) enters into one or more regulated mortgage contracts as lender in the expectation of receiving interest or another form of payment that would enable him to profit from his actions;(2) administers
PERG 4.4A.1CGRP
(1) 2Mortgage contracts that potentially became regulated mortgage contracts on 21 March 2016 include, for example:(a) mortgages entered into before 31 October 2004;(b) second charge mortgages; and(c) equitable mortgages.(2) However: (a) a mortgage contract entered into before 21 March 2016, which was not already a regulated mortgage contract only became a regulated mortgage contract if it was a ‘consumer credit back book mortgage contract’ within the meaning of article 2 of
MCOB 12.2.1GRP
(1) Principle 6 requires a firm to pay due regard to the interests of its customers and treat them fairly. A firm is also under an obligation, as a consequence of this sourcebook's disclosure requirements,1 to make charges transparent to customers. This chapter reinforces these requirements by preventing a firm from imposing unfair and excessive charges.1(2) The level of charges under a regulated mortgage contract,2home reversion plan1 or regulated sale and rent back agreement2
MCOB 12.5.2RRP
A firm must ensure that its charges to a customer in connection with the firmentering into, making a further advance or further release on, administering, arranging or advising on a regulated mortgage contract,2home reversion plan or regulated sale and rent back agreement2, or arranging or advising on a variation to the terms of a regulated mortgage contract,2home reversion plan or regulated sale and rent back agreement2are not excessive.1122
PERG 4.16.4GRP
If an unauthorised SPV arranges for an authorised person with permission to administer a regulated mortgage contract to administer its regulated mortgage contracts, it can avoid carrying on the regulated activities of:(1) administering a regulated mortgage contract, because of the exclusion in article 62 of the Regulated Activities Order (described in PERG 4.8.4 G);(2) arranging (bringing about) or making arrangements with a view to regulated mortgage contracts, because any arrangements
PERG 2.7.16BGRP
Under article 53A of the Regulated Activities Order, giving advice to a person in his capacity as borrower or potential borrower is a regulated activity if it is advice on the merits of the person:(1) entering into a particular regulated mortgage contract; or(2) varying the terms of a regulated mortgage contract.Advice on varying terms as referred to in (2) comes within article 53A only where the borrower entered into the regulated mortgage contract on or after 31 October 2004,
TC App 1.1.1RRP

1Activity

Products/Sectors

Is there an appropriate qualification4requirement?

4

Designated investment business carried on for a retail client

Providing basic advice

1.

Stakeholder products excluding a deposit-based stakeholder product

No

Advising or giving personal recommendations (as relevant)13

2.

Giving personal recommendations on securities13 which are not stakeholder pension schemes, personal pension schemes7 or broker funds

Yes

3.

Giving personal recommendations on derivatives13

Yes2

4.

Giving personal recommendations on retail investment products13 which are not broker funds

66

Yes2

5.

Giving personal recommendations on13Friendly Societylife policies where the employee is not reasonably expected to receive a remuneration of greater than £1000 a year in respect of such sales

No2

6.

Giving personal recommendations on13Friendly Society tax-exempt policies (other than Holloway sickness policies where the Holloway policy special application conditions are met)5

Yes2

7.

Giving personal recommendations on long-term care insurance contracts13

Yes2

8.

Giving personal recommendations on investments13 in the course of corporate finance business

Yes2

9.

Advising on syndicate participation at Lloyd's

Yes2

129A.

Advising on P2P agreements

Yes

Undertaking the activity in column 2

10.

Broker fund adviser

Yes

11.

Pension transfer specialist

Yes2

Giving personal recommendations13 and dealing

12.

Giving personal recommendations on and dealing in securities13 which are not stakeholder pension schemes, personal pension schemes7 or broker funds

Yes

13.

Giving personal recommendations on and dealing in derivatives13

Yes2

4Dealing

13A.8

Securities which are not stakeholder pension schemes, personal pension schemes7 or broker funds

No

413B.8

Derivatives

No

8MiFID business bidding

13C.

Emissions auction products that are financial instruments

No

Managing

14.

Investments

Yes

Overseeing on a day-to-day basis

15.

Operating a collective investment scheme or undertaking the activities of a trustee or depositary of a collective investment scheme

Yes

16.

Safeguarding and administering investments or holding client money

Yes2

17.

Administrative functions in relation to managing investments

Yes2

18.

Administrative functions in relation to effecting or carrying out contracts of insurance which are life policies

Yes2

19.

Administrative functions in relation to the operation of stakeholder pension schemes

Yes2

Mortgage Activity10 and reversion activity carried on for a customer

10

910Advising; arranging (bringing about) an execution-only sale, excluding variations to an existing home finance transaction except where the effect is to change all or part of the home finance transaction from one interest rate to another.

See Note 3, which for the avoidance of doubt forms part of this rule.

20

Regulated mortgage contracts for a non-business purpose

Yes

20A

Regulated mortgage contracts for a business purpose

No

21

Equity release transactions

Yes

9Designing scripted questions for execution-only sales

21A

Regulated mortgage contracts for a non-business purpose

Yes

21B

Regulated mortgage contracts for a business purpose

No

22

Equity release transactions

Yes

Overseeing execution-only sales on a day-to-day basis9

9

23.

Equity release transactions

Yes

11MCD credit agreement activities carried on for consumers

11manufacturing

23A

an MCD credit agreement

No

11entering into a regulated mortgage contract or entering into a regulated credit agreement as lender

23B

an MCD credit agreement

No

11arranging (bringing about) regulated mortgage contracts or acting as an MCD credit broker

23C

an MCD credit agreement

No

11advising on a regulated mortgage contract or advising on a regulated credit agreement for the acquisition of land

23D

an MCD credit agreement

No

11directly managing or supervising employees who carry on any of the MCD credit agreement activities 23A to 23D

23E

an MCD credit agreement

No

[Note: article 9(1) of the MCD]11

Non-investment insurance business carried on for a consumer

Giving personal recommendations13

24.

Giving personal recommendations on non-investment insurance contracts13

No

3Regulated sale and rent back activity carried on for a customer

Advising

25.

Regulated sale and rent back agreements

No

Overseeing an execution-only sale10 on a day-to-day basis

10

26.

Regulated sale and rent back agreements

No

Notes:

1.

In the Appendix the heading and types of business specified in the headings are to be read in conjunction with the paragraphs appearing beneath them.

2.

Thus, for example, paragraph 24,13 consistent with the heading above it, refers only to personal recommendations given in relation to13non-investment insurance contracts given to a consumer.10

33

122A.

In relation to activity number 9A, see TC 2.1.5HR and TC 2.1.6R(2). There is no qualification for this activity in the list of qualifications set out in TC Appendix 4E. However, the effect of TC 2.1.5HR is that an employeeadvising on P2P agreements must be qualified to the same standard as if that employee were providing investment advice to retail clients on retail investment products.

103.

For the purpose of product numbers 20, 20A and 21 the activity of arranging (bringing about) referred to in the activity column:

(a) includes activity which would be arranging (bringing about) but for the exclusion in article 28A of the Regulated Activities Order; and

(b) does not include activities which taken on their own would not fall within the definition of that activity. For these purposes no account should be taken of the fact that for an activity to be a regulated activity it must be carried on by way of business (see PERG 4.3).

4.

In this Appendix, paragraphs 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D and 23E relate to the implementation of article 9(1) of the MCD. The specified activities do not, in and of themselves, attract a qualification requirement. However, where those activities overlap with those specified under the heading "mortgage activity and reversion activity carried on for a customer", qualification requirements may apply.